The Native Plant Garden in NYC

Where New Yorkers Flourish With Indigenous Plants

Flora 04/08/2010

Lobelias in the Garden

Native flora is all around us!

Why Native Plants are Important

Native plants are nature’s sustainability experts. Not only are they
perfectly adapted to thrive in our local climate, soils and
environmental conditions, they are an integral part of our ecosystems
and promote local biodiversity. NYC has already lost more than 40% of
our native species.

We hope you are able to visit the garden in person.  In the meantime, please explore this information to learn about the garden ecosystem and the native plants living there; they have great importance and beauty!

Keep reading to see a full list of the plants, view many plant photos, and download documentfor reference and to bring with you on your next Native Plant Garden visit:

All Plants Found in the Garden, Garden Sections-Photos with Names, Plants Through the Seasons, and Gardening with NYC Native Plants.

For a full photo album of the garden and plants, please go here.

What’s in Bloom Now?

April 1-15

Stylophorum diphyllum/Wood poppy

Wood Poppy (Stylophorum diphyllum)

Juneberry (Amelanchier laevis)

Marsh Marigold (Caltha Palustris)

Golden Alexanders (Zizia aurea)

Virginia bluebells (Mertensia virginica)

ALL THE PLANTS FOUND IN THE GARDEN


Shrubs

Juneberry (Amelanchier canadensis)

Black chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa)

Sweet pepperbush (Clethra alnifolia)

Sweet fern (Comptonia peregrina)

Red-osier dogwood (Cornus sericea)

Black huckleberry (Gaylussacia baccata)

Witch hazel (Hamamelis virginiana)

Virginia sweetspire (Itea virginiana)

Mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia)

Spicebush (Lindera benzoin)

Staggerbush (Lyonia mariana)

Flame azalea (Rhododendron calendulaceum)

Pinkster azalea (Rhododendron periclymenoides)

Pasture rose (Rosa carolina)

Possum haw (Viburnum nudum)

Early lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium)

Highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum)

Maple-leaved viburnum (Viburnum acerifolium)

Wildflowers (forbs)

Doll’s eyes (Actaea pachypoda)

Black cohosh (Actaea racemosa)

White snakeroot (Ageratina altissima)

Yellow giant hyssop (Agastache nepetoides)

Purple giant hyssop (Agastache

scrophulariifolia)

Blue star ‘Blue Ice’ (Amsonia

tabernaemontana)

Canada anemone (Anemone canadensis)

Rue anemone (Anemonella thalictroides)

Wild columbine  (Aquilegia canadensis)

Jack-in-the-pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum)

Wild ginger (Asarum canadense)

Swamp milkweed (Asclepias incarnata)

Butterflyweed (Asclepias tuberosa)

Blue false indigo (Baptisia australis)

Marsh marigold (Caltha palustris)

Harebell (Campanula rotundifolia)

American harebell (Campanulastrum americanum)

Blue cohosh (Caulophyllum thalictroides)

Turtlehead (Chelone glabra)

Mistflower (Conoclinium coelestinum)

Hyssop-leaved thoroughwort (Eupatorium

hyssopifolium)

Spotted joe-pye weed ‘Gateway’ (Eupatoriadelphus maculatus)

White wood aster (Eurybia divaricata)

Wild geranium (Geranium maculatum)

Bowman’s root (Gillenia trifoliata)

Woodland sunflower (Helianthus angustifolius)

Alumroot (Heuchera americana)

Crested iris (Iris cristata)

Cardinal flower (Lobelia cardinalis)

Great blue lobelia (Lobelia siphilitica)

Seedbox (Ludwigia alternifolia)

Virginia bluebells  (Mertensia virginica)

Prickly pear cactus (Opuntia humifusa)

Stiff goldenrod (Oligoneuron rigidum)

Allegheny spurge (Pachysandra procumbens)

Creeping phlox ‘Sherwood Purple’  (Phlox

stolonifera)

Solomon’s seal  (Polygonatum biflorum)

Mayapple (Podophyllum peltatum)

Big-leaved mountainmint (Pycnanthemum muticum)

Wild pink (Silene caroliniana)

Blue-stemmed goldenrod (Solidago caesia)

Celandine poppy  (Stylophorum diphyllum)

Heart-leaved aster (Symphyotrichum

cordifolium)

Blue-leaved aster and cv ‘Bluebird’

(Symphyotrichum laeve)

Aromatic aster (Symphyotrichum oblongifolium)

Foamflower (Tiarella cordifolia)

Large-leaved trillium (Trillium grandiflorum)

Culvers root (Veronicastrum virginicum)

Canada violet (Viola canadensis)

Labrador violet (Viola labradorica)

Golden alexanders (Zizia aurea)

Graminoids (grasses/sedges/rushes)

Blue wood sedge (Carex flaccosperma)

Appalachian sedge (Carex appalachica)

Pennsylvania sedge (Carex pensylvanica)

Eastern bottlebrush grass (Elymus hystrix)

Common wood rush (Luzula multiflora)

Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum)

Little bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium)

Ferns

Maidenhair fern (Adiantum pedatum)

Lady fern (Athyrium felix-femina)

Leatherleaf woodfern (Dryopteris marginalis)

Ostrich fern (Matteucia struthiopteris)

Sensitive fern (Onoclea sensibilis)

Cinnamon fern (Osmunda cinnamomea)

Christmas fern  (Polystichum acrostichoides)

Vines

Dutchman’s pipe (Aristolochia macrophylla)

Virgin’s bower (Clematis virginiana)

Trumpetvine (Lonicera sempervirens)


You can learn even more by looking at this document of species descriptions for the Native Plant Garden.

WILDFLOWERS IN THE GARDEN


The garden is home to many wildflowers, all native to this region of North America.  Each flowering plant has different needs and roles within the ecological system of the garden, just like an individual within a community. Below you will see photos and descriptions of the wildflowers.

Doll's Eyes - alt text

Actaea alba, A. pachypoda/Doll's Eyes

Showy white berries on bright purple stems in summer. Poisonous plant.

Go here for more information.

Actaea racemosa/Black Cohosh

Actaea racemosa/Black Cohosh

Medicinal; spring bloomer

Ageratina altissima var. altissima/White Snakeroot

Ageratina altissima var. altissima/White Snakeroot

Flat-top clusters of small white starry flowers in fall, colonial (vegetative reproduction); attracts butterflies or their caterpillars; fast growth. Easy garden plant.

Amsonia tabernaemontana/Blue Star

Light blue flowers in May above broad green leaves; flowers/fruits for dried arrangements; fall color (yellow, orange); easy garden plant.

Anemone quinquefolia/Wood Anemone

Upright white blooms aloft delicate foliage; spring ephemeral; colonial.

Aquilegia canadensis ~ Wild Columbine

Unique red and yellow flowers, attracts hummingbirds; finely textured foliage; popular garden plant.

Arisaema triphyllum ~ Jack-in-the-pulpit

Unusual flowers in Mar-May; red berries late summer-fall. Photo courtesy of rengel134.

Asarum canadensis ~ Wild ginger

Large, heart-shaped leaves; groundcover.

Asclepias incarnata ~ Swamp Milkweed

White flowers summer, cut flowers; attracts butterflies or their caterpillars; larval food plant of Monarch butterflies; flowers/fruits for dried arrangements.

Asclepias tuberosa ~ Butterfly weed

Brilliant orange flowers, cut flowers; attracts butterflies or their caterpillars, larval food plant of Monarch butterflies; flowers/fruits for dried arrangements.

Symphyotrichum laeve ~ Smooth Blue Aster

Showy blue flowers in late summer; attracts butterflies or their caterpillars; lovely blue-green foliage; cut flowers.

Caltha palustris ~ Marsh marigold

Bright yellow flowers; spring ephemeral (N.B. very similar to exotic invasive lesser celandine {Ranunculus ficaria})

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